Massachusetts

State Motto

Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty)

State Motto of Massachusetts

Massachusetts, often referred to as the "Bay State," is a historic and culturally rich state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is known for its significant role in American history, as it was the site of pivotal events such as the Boston Tea Party and the battles of Lexington and Concord during the American Revolution. The state's capital and largest city, Boston, is a vibrant hub of education, culture, and innovation, home to prestigious universities like Harvard and MIT, world-class museums, and a thriving tech and biotech industry. Massachusetts is celebrated for its scenic coastline, charming coastal towns like Cape Cod and Martha's Vineyard, and picturesque landscapes in the Berkshire Mountains. With a strong focus on education, healthcare, and technology, Massachusetts continues to be a leader in various fields while preserving its deep historical roots and natural beauty.

What's in a name?

Named after the Massachusett tribe, meaning 'at or about the great hill.'

State Nickname of Massachusetts

Geography

Map of the State of Massachusetts

Download maps of Massachusetts

Area: 10,554 sq mi (27,335 kmĀ²), 44th
Highest Point: Mount Greylock; 3,489 ft (324 m), 31st
Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean; Sea Level, 0 ft (0 m)
Bordering States: Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont
Area Codes: Area Codes of Massachusetts
Zip Codes: Zip Codes of Massachusetts

Massachusetts boasts a diverse and captivating geography. Its eastern border is defined by the scenic coastline along the Atlantic Ocean, offering beautiful beaches and picturesque harbors. Inland, the state transitions into rolling hills, fertile valleys, and lush forests, with the Connecticut River cutting through the western landscape. To the north, the Berkshire Mountains provide stunning vistas and outdoor recreational opportunities. Massachusetts is also known for its many lakes and rivers, including the iconic Charles River that flows through Boston. The state's compact size allows for easy access to both coastal attractions and mountainous wilderness, making it a place where natural beauty is interwoven with rich history and urban sophistication.

Economy

Massachusetts boasts a diverse and thriving economy characterized by innovation, education, and a robust mix of industries. The state is a global hub for technology, with the Greater Boston area being a renowned center for biotechnology, healthcare, and education. World-class universities like MIT and Harvard foster cutting-edge research and development, contributing to a strong knowledge-based sector. Financial services, manufacturing, and healthcare also play vital roles in the state's economy. Tourism, driven by historical sites and cultural attractions, adds to Massachusetts' economic vitality. While the state enjoys high incomes and a highly skilled workforce, it also faces challenges such as a high cost of living and income inequality, highlighting the complex dynamics of its economy.

Agriculture

  • Corn
  • Soybeans
  • Dairy

Industry

  • Technology
  • Healthcare
  • Education

State Symbols

State Flag

State Flag of Massachusetts

State Seal

State Seal of Massachusetts

State Quarter

State Quarter of Massachusetts

State Bird

State Bird of MassachusettsChickadee

State Flower

State Flower of MassachusettsMayflower

State Tree

State Tree of MassachusettsAmerican Elm

State Mammal

State Mammal of MassachusettsBoston Terrier

State Fish

State Fish of MassachusettsCod

State Insect

State Insect of MassachusettsLadybug
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