State Motto

Virtue, Liberty, and Independence

State Motto of Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania, located in the northeastern United States, is a state renowned for its rich historical significance, diverse landscapes, and vibrant cities. Known as the "Keystone State," it played a pivotal role in the founding of the nation and boasts numerous sites of historical importance, including Independence Hall in Philadelphia, where the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution were debated and adopted. The state's diverse geography encompasses everything from bustling urban centers like Philadelphia and Pittsburgh to picturesque rural areas, rolling hills, and the beautiful Pocono Mountains. Pennsylvania is also celebrated for its contributions to industry and innovation, with a legacy in steel production and a thriving technology sector. It is a state that seamlessly blends the old and the new, offering residents and visitors a unique blend of culture, history, and natural beauty.

What's in a name?

Named in honor of Admiral William Penn and 'sylvania,' meaning 'woodland.'

State Nickname of Pennsylvania


Map of the State of Pennsylvania

Download maps of Pennsylvania

Area: 46,054 sq mi (119,280 kmĀ²), 33rd
Highest Point: Mount Davis; 3,213 ft (298 m), 33rd
Lowest Point: Delaware River ; Sea Level, 0 ft (0 m)
Bordering States: Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, West Virginia
Area Codes: Area Codes of Pennsylvania
Zip Codes: Zip Codes of Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania is characterized by diverse geography. The state is known for its varied landscape, with the Appalachian Mountains running through the central and western regions, including the famous Pocono Mountains in the east. To the west, the Great Lakes region and the Erie Peninsula offer picturesque lakefronts along Lake Erie. Pennsylvania also boasts fertile valleys, including the Susquehanna River Valley, which contributes to its agricultural productivity. The state's southeastern region is home to the bustling metropolis of Philadelphia, while Pittsburgh, located in the southwestern part, anchors the state's industrial and cultural hub. Pennsylvania's geography blends natural beauty with urban vibrancy, making it a state of remarkable contrast and significance.


Pennsylvania boasts a diverse and robust economy driven by a mix of industries. While historically known for its coal and steel production, the state has transitioned toward a more diversified economic landscape. Key sectors include manufacturing, healthcare, education, technology, and agriculture. Major metropolitan areas like Philadelphia and Pittsburgh serve as economic hubs, with thriving finance and technology sectors. Additionally, Pennsylvania is a leader in energy production, particularly in natural gas and renewable energy sources. The state's strategic location along the East Coast and extensive transportation infrastructure contribute to its role as a distribution and logistics hub. Agriculture also plays a significant role, with Pennsylvania being a top producer of mushrooms, dairy products, and poultry. Overall, Pennsylvania's economy is marked by resilience and adaptability, making it a vital player in the U.S. economic landscape.


  • Nursery/Greenhouse
  • Vegetables
  • Dairy


  • Healthcare
  • Technology
  • Manufacturing

State Symbols

State Flag

State Flag of Pennsylvania

State Seal

State Seal of Pennsylvania

State Quarter

State Quarter of Pennsylvania

State Bird

State Bird of PennsylvaniaRuffed Grouse

State Flower

State Flower of PennsylvaniaMountain Laurel

State Tree

State Tree of PennsylvaniaEastern Hemlock

State Mammal

State Mammal of PennsylvaniaWhite-Tailed Deer

State Fish

State Fish of PennsylvaniaBrook Trout

State Insect

State Insect of PennsylvaniaFirefly Beetle
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