Illinois

State Motto

State Sovereignty, National Union

State Motto of Illinois

Illinois, located in the Midwestern United States, is a diverse and dynamic state known for its bustling urban centers, agricultural heartland, and rich historical heritage. The state's largest city, Chicago, stands as a global economic and cultural hub, renowned for its iconic architecture, vibrant arts scene, and diverse cuisine. Beyond the cityscape, Illinois boasts fertile farmlands, producing crops like corn and soybeans, and picturesque rural landscapes. It also holds historical significance, being the birthplace of Abraham Lincoln and home to numerous historic sites related to his life. The state's varied landscapes, from the shores of Lake Michigan to the rolling hills of southern Illinois, offer a wide range of recreational opportunities, making it a state that combines urban energy with natural beauty and historical charm.

What's in a name?

Named after the Illinois Confederation, a group of Native American tribes. The word 'Illiniwek' means 'best people.'

State Nickname of Illinois

Geography

Map of the State of Illinois

Download maps of Illinois

Area: 57,914 sq mi (149,997 kmĀ²), 25th
Highest Point: Charles Mound; 1,235 ft (115 m), 45th
Lowest Point: Confluence of Mississippi and Ohio rivers; 279 ft (26 m)
Bordering States: Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, Wisconsin
Area Codes: Area Codes of Illinois
Zip Codes: Zip Codes of Illinois

Illinois boasts diverse geography characterized by fertile plains, rolling hills, and abundant water resources. The state is renowned for its vast expanses of farmland, earning it the nickname the "Prairie State." The central part of Illinois is dominated by the fertile Illinois Basin, while the northern region is characterized by the glaciated plains, including Chicago, the state's largest city, situated on the shores of Lake Michigan. To the south, the landscape transitions into more hilly terrain with the Shawnee Hills and the Ohio River defining the state's border with Kentucky. Additionally, numerous rivers, including the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers, traverse the state, contributing to its rich agricultural heritage and transportation networks. Overall, Illinois' diverse geography plays a pivotal role in its economic and cultural significance.

Economy

Illinois boasts one of the most diverse and robust economies among U.S. states. With its strategic location, including the city of Chicago, a global financial hub, and extensive transportation networks, the state serves as a major economic player. Key sectors include finance, manufacturing, agriculture, technology, healthcare, and logistics. Chicago's financial district hosts numerous Fortune 500 companies, while the manufacturing industry produces machinery, food products, and chemicals. Illinois is a leading agricultural producer, particularly in soybeans and corn. The state's technology sector continues to grow, fueled by innovation hubs and research institutions, and healthcare remains a vital component with renowned medical centers. Despite its economic strengths, Illinois faces challenges, including pension debt and fiscal issues at the state level, requiring ongoing efforts to ensure sustained growth and stability.

Agriculture

  • Corn
  • Soybeans
  • Pork

Industry

  • Manufacturing
  • Finance
  • Technology

State Symbols

State Flag

State Flag of Illinois

State Seal

State Seal of Illinois

State Quarter

State Quarter of Illinois

State Bird

State Bird of IllinoisCardinal

State Flower

State Flower of IllinoisPurple Violet

State Tree

State Tree of IllinoisWhite Oak

State Mammal

State Mammal of IllinoisWhite-Tailed Deer

State Fish

State Fish of IllinoisBluegill

State Insect

State Insect of IllinoisMonarch Butterfly
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