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South Dakota

State Motto

Under God, the people rule

State Motto of South Dakota

South Dakota State Information

South Dakota is the 40th State in the Union

South Dakota, located in the northern region of the United States, is a state known for its vast expanses of natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. It is characterized by its iconic landscapes, including the dramatic peaks of the Black Hills, the sweeping plains of the Great Plains, and the meandering Missouri River. South Dakota is renowned for its historic landmarks such as Mount Rushmore, where the faces of four U.S. presidents are carved into the mountainside, and the Crazy Horse Memorial, dedicated to the Native American leader Crazy Horse. The state embraces its Native American heritage, with several reservations within its borders. Agriculture plays a significant role in South Dakota's economy, and it's known for its production of wheat, corn, and soybeans. Additionally, tourism is vital, drawing visitors to its national parks, outdoor recreational opportunities, and cultural events. South Dakota's friendly communities and strong sense of tradition make it a unique and inviting place to explore and experience American history and natural wonders.

What's in a name?

Dakota' is derived from the Dakota Sioux word 'Dakhóta,' meaning 'allies' or 'friends.'

State Nickname of South Dakota

South Dakota Geography

Map of the State of South Dakota

Download maps of South Dakota

Area: 77,116 sq mi (199,730 km²), 17th
Highest Point: Black Elk Peak; 7,244 ft (673 m), 15th
Lowest Point: Big Stone Lake; 966 ft (90 m)
Bordering States: Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Wyoming
Area Codes: Area Codes of South Dakota
Zip Codes: Zip Codes of South Dakota

South Dakota is characterized by its diverse geography. The state is known for its vast expanses of rolling prairies in the eastern region, where agriculture thrives, and its rugged terrain in the west, which includes the stunning Black Hills, a mountain range rich in natural beauty and mineral resources. Mount Rushmore, a renowned national monument, is carved into the granite of the Black Hills and symbolizes the state's historical significance. South Dakota also boasts the Missouri River, the longest river in North America, which bisects the state, offering fertile valleys and picturesque bluffs. The state's geography showcases a unique blend of natural wonders, from Badlands National Park's striking landscapes to the fertile farmlands in the east, making South Dakota a place of diverse beauty and outdoor adventure.

South Dakota Economy

The economy of South Dakota is characterized by a diverse mix of industries, with agriculture, healthcare, tourism, manufacturing, and retail trade playing prominent roles. Agriculture, particularly the production of corn, soybeans, wheat, and cattle, is a key driver of the state's economy, contributing significantly to its GDP. The healthcare sector has seen steady growth, with several major healthcare organizations headquartered in the state. South Dakota's picturesque landscapes and attractions, such as Mount Rushmore and the Black Hills, draw millions of tourists each year, boosting the tourism industry. Additionally, manufacturing, including food processing and machinery production, contributes to the state's economic stability. With a relatively low unemployment rate and a business-friendly environment, South Dakota maintains a healthy economic outlook, attracting businesses and fostering growth across various sectors.


Top 3 crops / livestock for South Dakota

  • Soybeans
  • Corn
  • Cotton


Top 3 industries for South Dakota

  • Agriculture
  • Manufacturing
  • Healthcare

South Dakota State Symbols

State Flag

State Flag of South Dakota

State Seal

State Seal of South Dakota

State Quarter

State Quarter of South Dakota

State Flower

State Flower of South DakotaPasque Flower

State Tree

State Tree of South DakotaBlack Hills Spruce

State Mammal

State Mammal of South DakotaCoyote

State Fish

State Fish of South DakotaWalleye

State Insect

State Insect of South DakotaHoney Bee
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