Alabama

State Motto

Audemus jura nostra defendere (We dare defend our rights)

State Motto of Alabama

Alabama, located in the southeastern United States, is a state steeped in history and culture. Known as the "Heart of Dixie," Alabama boasts a rich heritage, from its pivotal role in the Civil Rights Movement to its contributions to music, particularly in the realms of blues and country. The state's diverse geography ranges from the fertile plains of the Black Belt region to the picturesque Gulf Coast beaches. Its capital, Montgomery, played a crucial role in civil rights history, serving as the site of Rosa Parks' historic bus boycott and hosting the Southern Poverty Law Center. Alabama is also renowned for its college football fervor, with legendary teams like the Alabama Crimson Tide and Auburn Tigers.

What's in a name?

Named after the Alabama River, possibly derived from the Creek word 'alba amo,' meaning 'vegetation gatherers.'

State Nickname of Alabama

Geography

Map of the State of Alabama

Download maps of Alabama

Area: 52,420 sq mi (135,768 kmĀ²), 30th
Highest Point: Cheaha Mountain; 2,405 ft (223 m), 35th
Lowest Point: Gulf of Mexico; Sea Level, 0 ft (0 m)
Bordering States: Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee
Area Codes: Area Codes of Alabama
Zip Codes: Zip Codes of Alabama

Alabama's geography is characterized by a diverse range of landscapes. The state is predominantly composed of rolling plains in the northern region, transitioning into the fertile and agriculturally significant Black Belt region. The central part of Alabama is marked by numerous rivers, including the Tennessee River, and features a mix of forests, lakes, and lowlands. As you move southward, the terrain becomes more hilly, and the state's Gulf Coast offers stunning white sandy beaches along the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico. The southern region is also home to extensive wetlands and marshes. Overall, Alabama's geography showcases a blend of natural beauty, from its upland areas to its coastal plains, making it a state with a wide variety of ecosystems and landscapes to explore.

Economy

The economy of Alabama is diverse and robust, driven by various sectors. Manufacturing plays a significant role, with industries such as automotive manufacturing, aerospace, and steel production contributing substantially to the state's GDP. Alabama is home to major automobile manufacturers like Mercedes-Benz, Honda, and Hyundai. Agriculture remains vital, with cotton, poultry, soybeans, and peanuts being key crops. The state's natural resources, including coal, natural gas, and timber, contribute to its energy and forestry sectors. Additionally, Alabama's ports along the Gulf of Mexico facilitate trade, making it a hub for commerce and logistics. Tourism also contributes to the economy, thanks to attractions like the white sandy beaches of the Gulf Coast and historical sites related to the Civil Rights Movement. Overall, Alabama's economy is marked by resilience and diversification, making it a dynamic player in the southern United States.

Agriculture

  • Cotton
  • Poultry
  • Soybeans

Industry

  • Aerospace
  • Automotive Manufacturing
  • Agriculture

State Symbols

State Flag

State Flag of Alabama

State Seal

State Seal of Alabama

State Quarter

State Quarter of Alabama

State Bird

State Bird of AlabamaYellowhammer

State Flower

State Flower of AlabamaCamellia

State Tree

State Tree of AlabamaLongleaf Pine

State Mammal

State Mammal of AlabamaBlack Bear

State Fish

State Fish of AlabamaLargemouth bass

State Insect

State Insect of AlabamaMonarch Butterfly
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